persona

Bartolomé de las Casas

Fray Bartolomé de las Casas, O.P. (1474 or 1484–1566) was a Dominican friar. A former encomendero, he eventually opposed the system of forced labor in which he had participated. His works, including his famous Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, denounced the treatment of indigenous peoples by European colonizers. After a failed attempt at the "peaceful colonization" of Venezuela, he entered the Dominican Order, returning to the Americas as a priest and eventually bishop among the Maya in Guatemala.

Apóstol Santiago

Saint James the Greater, so called as to distinguish him from the other apostle named Saint James, was an apostle of Jesus. According to tradition, he went on mission to what is now Spain, where he is now buried at Santiago de Compostela in Galicia.

Santiago el Mayor, llamado así para distinguirse del otro apóstol que se llama Santiago, era un apóstol de Jesucristo. Según la tradición, era misionero en lo que ahora es España, donde está enterrado en Santiago de Compostela en Galicia.

María

Mary, whom Ximénez refers to as "SSma." (Santíssima, Most Holy) or "Ma. SSma." (Madre Santíssima, Most Holy Mother), is the human mother of Jesus Christ. She is also known as the "Blessed Virgin Mary," having conceived Jesus of the Holy Spirit.

San Pablo

Saint Paul the Apostle was an apostle of Christ in first-century Asia Minor and Europe. Of the 27 books of the New Testament, 14 are attributed to him.

San Pablo el Apóstol era un apóstol de Cristo en Asia Menor y Europa en el primer siglo. De los 27 libros en el Nuevo Testamento, se atribuyen 14 a él.

Carlos V

Charles V (1500–1558) was the ruler of the Spanish Empire from 1516–1556, the Holy Roman Empire from 1519–1556, and the Habsburg Netherlands from 1506–1555.

Pedro Apiano

Petrus Apianus, o Pedro Apiano (1495–1552), citado por Ximénez como el "cosmógrafo de el emperador Carlos quinto," era un cartógrafo y matemático alemán. Apianus dedicó su obra maestra, Astronomicum Caesareum, al emperador. Ximénez hace referencia a su Liber cosmographicus, mejor conocido como Cosmographia de Petrus Apianus, que se publicó en 1524 y pasó por muchas ediciones en los siglos siguientes.

R.P.F. (Reverendo Padre Fray) Francisco Ximénez

Fray Francisco Ximénez, O.P. was a Dominican friar born in Écija, Spain in 1666. He is the author of the manuscript known as Ayer MS 1515, housed at the Newberry Library in Chicago. MS 1515 includes the text presented here, "Empiezan las historias del origen de los índíos de esta provinçia de Gvatemala tradvcido de la lengva qviche en la castellana para mas commodidad de los mínístros de el Sto. Evangelío," or the Popol Vuh, and its attendant "Escolios." Ximénez compiled the work in 1701 and 1702 during his time as a parish priest in Santo Tomás Chichicastenango.

Winaq Balam (gen. 9)

Ninth generation of the Ajaw K'iche' lineage.

Christenson (2007: notes 885-886, p. 285) translates Winaq and B'am separately, as "Person" and "Counselor/Doer," preserving K'iche' aesthetics of complementarity and balance.

Novena generación del linaje Ajaw K'iche'.

K'oyabakoj (gen. 8)

Eighth generation of the Ajaw K'iche' lineage.

Christenson (2007: note 884, p. 285) translates Co Yaba Coh (in colonial orthography), and K'o Yab'a Koj in contemporary K'iche', as "Lord Sick Puma."

Octava generación del linaje Ajaw K'iche'.