Saint Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas was a Dominican friar, theologian, and philosopher who was the most prominent thinker in scholasticism and the father of the Thomist tradition.

Santo Tomás de Aquino era un fraile dominicano, teólogo, y filósofo quien era el escolástico más prominente y el padre de la tradición tomista.


Saint Dominic (1170–1221) was the founder of the Order of Preachers.

Santo Domingo (1170–1221) era el fundador del Orden de Predicadores.

Fray Domingo de Vico

Fray Domingo de Vico, O.P. (d. 1555) was a Dominican friar who was assigned to work with Fray Bartolomé de las Casas to enforce the reformatory New Laws of 1542. De Vico wrote three works that were influential for Ximénez: Theologia Indorum (Theology of the Indians); a treatise on evangelization in Guatemala called Tratado de ídolos (Treatment of Idols), and a dictionary of the Kaqchikel language.

Su Majestad

Though "His Majesty" ("Su Majestad") is a general title for the Spanish king, Ximénez's references to "sus leyes de índías" (escolio 3 recto, line 27) make this most likely a reference to Charles II of Spain, whose 1680 compendium of the Laws of the Indies was the most prominent edition. When Ximénez was compiling this manuscript (1701–1702), Charles II had only just abdicated to Philip V, and the transition was a long enough process (both politically and in terms of transatlantic news dissemination) that the reference is somewhat ambiguous.

Fray Juan de San José

Fray Juan de San José seems to have been one of Ximénez's mentors in Guatemala. Amid this discussion of how to handle the possible demonic dangers in K'iche' celebrations, Ximénez mentions his advise: "me lo aconsejo así un Relígíoso docto, y de exemplar vída, q'auía gastado muchos aS. admínístrando índíos q'murío ya decrepíto llamado el R. Pe. fr. Juo.-de S. Joseph demí sagrado hauíto."