Christenson (2007: note 240, page 104) translates the diety's name as "Stabbings Demon," derived from "the root toq' (to stab, to gore)."
Christenson (2007: note 236 p. 103) translates the name of this Lord of Xibalba as "Janudice Demon," following the meaning of q'ana, “yellowness, jaundice.” He also notes that like Ajal Q'ana's complement, Ajal Puj, Ajal Q'ana carries part of a name, Ajal, that "is likely a loan word from Chol, meaning “evil spirit” (Campbell 1983, 81)."
Christenson (2007: note 236 p. 103): "Ajal Puj, Ajal Q'ana." Ajal is likely a loan word from Chol, meaning “evil spirit” (Campbell 1983, 81). Puj is “pus,” and q'ana is “yellowness, jaundice.”
Ximénez (13r) defines the name as "el q’hazía vasura" (he who makes trash). However, this translation flattens the spiritual significance of sweeping. Within K'iche' cosmovisión, the act of sweeping (mes) with a broom (mesb'al), is considered a way to keep demons from the underworld from entering the house. See Christenson (2007: note 239, p. 104), citing Tedlock (1996: note 92, p. 253).
Sipakna is killed when the Hero Twins trick him into being crushed by a mountain (Meawan). Christensen (page 96, note 168) suggests that a toponym associated with Sipakna still exists. "This is a long hill in the center of the Rabinal valley roughly the shape of a crocodile. It is still called Sipak and the people of Rabinal associate it with a crocodile (Akkeren 2000, 60)." Since Meawan is also near Rabinal, it is not impossible that Sipak represents Sipakna's actual body underneath the layer of stone that crushed him.
Kabraqan is the powerful second son of Seven Macaw (Wuqub’ Kak’ix). Alongside this power, he causes the earth to tremble and he is known for his pride, which is occasionally self-proclaimed: “el terzero q’ seensoberbezío…dezía yosoy el q’destruigo los zerros / Rox chicut nimarizai…in yohol huiub” [the third of the prideful sons…said, ‘I am the one who destroys mountains’] (10v).Upon noticing this excessive pride, three deities, Juracan, Youngest Thunderbolt, and Sudden Thunderbolt, speak to the hero twins, asking them to defeat Kabraqan.
Sam Colop (2008: nota 1, página 201) observa que el nombre divino, aquí escrito en forma de quiasmo, significa "Literalmente el 'constructor' y 'creador'. Tz'qa y bit son raíces verbales 'construir' y 'crear'. Tz'aq quiere decur 'construcción' y bit 'creación'. El sufijo -ol, en ambos sustantivos, es marcador agentivo."
Jun Kame [One Death] is one of the principal lords of Xibalba along with Wuqub' Kame [Seven Death]. Tedlock (1996: 251) explains that the name of Jun Kame is a reference to the day number one and day name Kame on the K'iche' calendar. For more information, see the entry on "Jun Kame and Wuqub' Kame."