When the Hero Twins first arrive at the crossroads of Xilbaba, they face four possible paths: the red way, black way, white way, and yellow way. Ximénez expresses these paths in colonial K'iche' as "hun ꜫaꜫabe, hun cut queca be, zaqui be hun, hun cut eana be cahib be" (14r).

Jun Raqan

As Christenson (2007: page 59, footnote 56) explains, there is a complex etymological and conceptual link between Jun Raqan (juraqan/hurricane) and the creator diety, Uk'u'x Kaj (Heart of Sky); they are sometimes referred to as one in the same. According to Christenson, Uk'u'x Kaj "appears to be the principal god in the Popol Vuh account. He is the only deity to appear in every phase of the creation, as well as throughout the mythologic and historical portions of the text. K'ux refers to the heart as the source of the 'vital spirit' of a thing, or that which gives it life.


Sam Colop (2011: nota 52, páginas 209-210) destaca las varias e importantes interpretaciones del personaje divino. Escribe: "Una interpretación de este nombre es 'Pequeño Jaguar-venado' donde el prefijo x- indica el diminutivo, balam es 'jaguar' y ke es apócope de kej que significa 'venado'. Sin embargo, D. Tedlock (1996: 239) presenta una interesante traducción al identificar balam con 'jaguar' y 'oculto'; Q'e, 'Sol' en su fase nocturna de acuerdo con la tradición q'eqchi'.

Jun Junajpu

Christenson (2007: note 163, page 81) notes the difficult nature of interpreting the name of the father of the Hero Twins. He writes, "The father of the culture hero Hunahpu is named Hun Hunahpu, which if translated literally would mean 'One One Master of the Blowgun,' a needlessly redundant reading unless Hunahpu were meant to be read as a single untranslated name."